|Ernakulam (Cochin) is located on the coast
of the Arabian Sea with Kumarakom and Allapuzha districts on
the South, Idukki on the East and Thrissur on the North. The
commercial capital and the most cosmopolitan city of Kerala,
Kochi, in ernakulam, is also known as the Queen of the Arabian
With one of the finest natural barbours in the world,
this was once a manor centre of commerce and trace with the
british, arabs, chinese, portuguese, dutch etc.
District Head Quarters : Kakkanadu
Area : 2,407 Sq.Km
Population : 30,98,378
Literacy : 93.42%
Latitude, 9 degree 15 E, The city lies between 'Itripunithura,
the seat of the eastwhile royalty to its southeast and the
Eloor-Kalamassery industrial belt to its north. To the west
lies is the Arabian sea.
Air : International Airport at Nedumbassery (20 kms from town)
Rail : Ernakulam (Cochin) is a major railhead of the Southern
Railway. Main Station : Ernakulam (Cochin) junction. Other
station : Ernakulam (Cochin) town, Kochi Harbour Terminus.
Road : An excellent road network links to all major towns
and cities in india.
Ferry : There are two ferry stations in Ernakulam (Cochin).
The main boat jetty is one km from the junction railway station
and the other is near the high court.
The word Ernakulam was drawn from a Tamil word Erayanarkulam
means abode of Lord Shiva's.
Ernakulam district formed on 1st April 1958 carving areas
of erstwhile Travancore-Kochi-Malabar kingdoms. Major portion
of the district is from the Kochi kingdom. The district consists
of the mainland Ernakulam, the man made Willington Island,
Mattanchery, Fort Kochi, world's most populous area of Vypeen
Island, Bolghatty Palace etc.
The warm tropical climate recommends light cotton clothes,
waterproofing is essential during monsoons.
Wildlife Sancturies :
Eravikulam National Park: Eravikulam National park is situated
at Devikulam Taluk of Idukki District having the area of 9700
sq. hector. Founded in 1975 and in 1978 it become a National
Park. Rear species of wild life makes its on tranquility between
bio-diversity and eco system the rare Ibere, and different
………. Of wild animals and birds are also
found in this spectacular view of Natural beauty.
Yoga, Ayurveda and Naturopathy :
There are many Yoga, Ayurveda and Naturopathy centres in the
city limits and in the mofussil areas.
Pilgrimage Centres :
Attukal Bhagavathy temple (Mudippura), knows as the Sabarimala
of women, is in Thiruvananthapuram. Attukal Ponkala, the annual
festival commences on Bharani day in Kumbhom (February - March)
and continues for nine days. Ponkala is an offering usually
made in Bhagavathy temples, prepared in the form of payasam
( a liquid food in Kerala), ingredients are rice, jaggery,
coconut kernel and plantain fruits. The festival begins with
thottampattu (a song about Bhagavathy) which is being chanted
for nine days continuously.
Chettikulangara Devi Temple One of the renowned Devi temples
in Kerala is Chettikulangara temple, Kayamkulamin Alappuzha.
Highlights of Bharani festival, celebrated in February-March,
are Kuthiyottam and Kettukazhcha. Of these , the former is
performed as an offering to Bhagavathy.
Mannarsala Temple, Harippad Mannarasala temple at Harippad
is the seat of God of Serpents. Built in a grove, the temple
is reputed for having 30,000 images of snake-gods and this
is the largest of its kind in the state.
Fairs and Festivals :
Onam : Is the National annual festival of Keralaites. Celebrated
by the malayalees wherever they are.
Bharani : The annual temple festival at Kodungalloor in Ernakulam
Tourism week celebrations at Cochin : Last week of December.
Food festival Gajamela (Elephant Pageantry), Martial arts,
Kathakali, Mohiniyattam and other dances and Indiragandhi
Places to visit :
Bolgatty : A beautiful island with palace made by Dutch in
1744 and golf course.
Willington Island : Formed from the sand deposited while
the depth of Cochin port is increased. Naval base, railway
terminus, port and customs offices are located here.
Chinese Fishing Nets : can be seen at Fort Cochin.
Parikshith Museum : Museum with memories of 19th century.
Dutch Palace : Made in 1568 by the Portuguese. Later re-structured
by the Dutch.
Hill Palace Museum : at Thrippunithara. Paintings, Epigraphy,
furnitures of the royal family etc are displayed.
Kodanadu : Elephant training centre is located here.
Kerala Historical Museum : Located at Edappalli, on the Aluva-Ernakulam
Athirapally waterfalls (80 kms) , Guruvayoor (108 kms)
Sree krishna temple (non hindus are not allowed)
Periyar wildlife sanctuary (192 km)
Munnar (130 kms)
Kumarakom (58 kms)
The Cheria Beach (45 km form Ernakulam city): This lovely
beach lordering Bypeen island is ideal for swimming.Dolphins
are occasionally seen here. A typical Kerala village with
paddy fields and coconut groves nearby is an added attraction.
The Fort Kochi Beach (12 km from Ernakulam city): A leisurely
walk through the lanes of the city is the best way to discover
historic Fort Kochi.