|District Head Quarters : Painavu
Area : 5,019 Sq.Km
Population : 11,28,605
A Landlocked District, Idukki Is One Of The Most Nature Rich
Areas Of Kerala. High Ranges And Wooded Valleys Are Girded
By Three Main Rivers - Periyar, Thalayar And Thodupuzhayar
And Their Tributaries. The River Pamba Also Has It Origin
Here. As A Tourist Destination, Idukki Offers Diverse Attractions
Like Wildlife Sanctuaries, Hill Stations, Spice Plantation
Tours Mountain Treks, Elephant Rides Etc
Located in the middle part of Kerala, the District is bound
on the East by Madurai District of Tamil Nadu State while
on the West by Ernakulam and Kottayam Districts of Kerala.
In the South it is the Pathanamthitta District, while on the
North it is bound by Trichur and Coimbatore Districts of Kerala
and Tamil Nadu States respectively.
Air:Nearest Airports are Madurai (Tamil Nadu) 140 Kms, Kochi
(Nedumbassery - 190 Km), Thiruvananthapuram (265 Kms).
Rail:Nearest Railway Station is Kumarakom 114 kms and Madurai
station is about 136 kms.
Road: An excellent road network links the district to all
major towns and cities in india.
The district's name, 'Idukki' is supposed to be derived from
the Malayalam word 'Idukku' which means a narrow gorge. Periyar
which is one of the largest rivers of Kerala, flowing through
Idukki gorge formed between the two high massive rocks called
"Kuravan" and "Kurathi", is the site of
the gigantic Idukki arch dam.
Sprawling over an area of 5,061 sq. kms. the district is marked
by undulating hills and valleys. The high ranges vary in altitude
from 2500 ft. above mean sea level in Kulamavu to more than
5,000 ft. above M.S.L. in Munnar. The highest peak in Kerala,
Anamudi is in the district. It is 8,841 ft. high.
Wildlife Sancturies :
This sanctuary extends over the Thodupuzha and Udumpanchola
taluks of Idukki district, spreading over 77 sq. km and is
about 450 - 748 m above sea level. The Idukki Reservoir formed
by three Dams - Cheruthoni, Idukki and Kulamavu extends to
33 sq km.
Observatory Hills :
This is a beautiful hill located at Nedumkandam. Those people
who have interest in watching the stars and planets come here
to spent their time at this hill. This hill gives them a non-polluted
Kuthumkal Water Falls :
It is a beautiful waterfall found in this district. Always,
water mist is found near the falls because of, water falling
on the rocks.
Idukki Arch Dam :
This is the world's second and Asia's first arch dam, constructed
across the Kuravan and Kurathi hills. 550 ft high and 650
ft wide, the dam lies close to the Cheruthorathi barrage.
To its west is the Kulamavu dam. Idukki wild life sanctuary
is located nearby.
Flora and Fauna :
Birds: Malabar Hornbill, hill myna
Animals: Elephants, tigers, lion tailed macaques, Indian bison,
Places to visit :
Thekkady Thekkady, India's largest Wildlife Sanctuary, 114kms
off Kottayam and 190kms off Kochi, is a dream destination
for any tourist visiting in India. This sanctuary spread over
an area of 777sq. Kms, surrounded by an artificial lake over
an area of 25sq.Kms.
Mangaladevi Temple This temple is 13km. from Kumily.elephants,
the tiger and the bison. If you wish to visit the temple ,
you will need special permission from the Chief Conservator
of Forests (Ph-No 325385) Vazhuthacaud, Thiruvananthapuram.
The only way to temple is by jeep from Kumily.
Peerumed With its abundant natural beauty, this place awaits
the tourists who come to sip the natural beauty., escaping
from the stress and strain of life. Barren hills densed with
tea estates add more beauty to the place.
Iravikkulam National Park Iravikkulam National Park spread
over 97sq.kms with Barren hills, meadows, rock rafts and wild
animals will fascinate any one.
Chinnar Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is 60Kms away from Devikulam.
Thommankuthu The place, Thommankuthu, famous for its numerous
waterfalls, is situated at a distance of 21 kms from Thodupuzha.
As this place is suitable for trekking, adventurous youth
are attracted to this place. Meenuliyarmudi (at vannapuram
panchayathu), Keezharkuthu (Uumpannoor) and Irukallumud (Velliyammattom)
are other famous small tourist centres near Thommankuthu.
Thekkady (famous for Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, 60 km), Peermade
(hill station full of rubber, tea, coffee, pepper and cardamom
plantations, interspersed with waterfalls and open grasslands.
Formerly the summer palace of the Travancore Rajas, 103 km),
Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary (just above the Idukki dam), Munnar
Rivers and Lakes :
Periyar, Thodupuzhayar and Thalayar are the three important
rivers of the district. Though the Pamba river originates
from the district it mostly runs through the Pathanamthitta
district. Devikulam, Eravikulam and Elaveezha Poonchira are
three fresh water lakes in Idukki.