|District Head Quarters : Kasargod
Area : 1,992 Sq Km
Population : 12,03,342
Literacy : 85.17 %
The Northern most district of Kerala, Kasaragod is world renowned
for its coir and handloom industries. Fishing is a prime source
of livelihood. Kasaragod is known as the land of gods, forts,
rivers, hills & the beautiful beaches.
The fort at Bekal is the largest and best preserved in the state.
Kasaragod displays a variety of styles in temple architecture
- the unique style of the Madhur Mahaganapathy temple, the typical
Kerala style of the Historic malik deenar great juma masjid
and so on speak volumes about the rich cultural heritage of
the region. Spectacular pageants of Theyyam, Yakshagana, Kumbla
(buffalo race), Poorakkali, Kolkali etc. Enchant visitors.
It is 200 Kms away from Kozhikode.
Air:Nearest Airport : Mangalore , Karipur International Airport,
Kozhikode (200 km).
Rail:On the Kozhikode - Manalore - Mumbai.
Road:An excellent network of roads connects Kasaragod to major
towns in Kerala, Karnataka & Tamilnadu.
Kasaragod was part of the Kumbala kingdom in which there were
64 Tulu and Malayalam villages. When Vijayanagar empire attacked
Kasaragod, it was ruled by the Kolathiri king who had Nileswar
as his headquarters. It is said that the characters appearing
in Theyyam, the ritualistic folk dance of northern Kerala,
represent those who had helped king Kolathiri fight against
the attack of the Vijayanagar empire.
The diversity of the physical features results in a corresponding
diversity of climate. In the plains, the climate is generally
hot. Though the mean maximum temperature is only around 90°
F, the heat is oppressive in the moisture laden atmosphere
of the plains. Humidity is very high and rises to about 90
per cent during the southwest monsoon. The annual variation
of temperature is small; the diurnal range is only about 10°
Pilgrimage Centres :
Ananthapura Lake Temple (30 km from Bekal) This 9th century
temple is the only lake temple in Kerala and is the moolsathanam
(original adobe) of Anandapadmanabha, the deity of Sree Padmanabha
Swami Temple, Thriuvananthapuram.
Sree Mahalingeswara Temple, Adoor (45 km from Kasaragod) Located
in wooded surroundings on the southern banks of the River
Payaswini, this ancient Shiva temple contains a Sanskrit inscription
in Kannada script which has been ascribed to the Western Chalukya
King Kirthivarman II.
Malik Deenar Mosque Kasaragod acquired over the years considerable
importance as a center of Islam on the west coast. The historic
Malik Deener Juma Masjid built in the typical Kerala style
is believed to have been founded by Malik Ibin Dinar. The
Juma Masjid which is one of the best kept and most attractive
in the district is located at Thalankara.
Pattulsavam, Madlyan Kovilakarn, Kanhangad (January)
Cultural performances, religious rites, grand elephant processions
o Chaliyaporattu, Chuliyar Bhagavathy Temple, Aniyal
Theru: Festival In March named after the popular folk art
of North Kerala
Paiakunnu BharanL\ Marked by processions and brilliant fireworks
(fu\i[ ~eek of March)
Nileswar Poorakali: Folk dance performed by men at the Nagacherry
Bhagavathy Temple (March/April)
Kanathur Theyyam Kaliyattom (Last week of December)
Kalom Katupa (Utsavom, Palakunnu: Procession of women carrying
earthen pots which are later displayed at the temple
Puppet Show : Prof. Srinath, Sirikannada Press, Opp. SBT
Art Forms :
Theyyam: The oldest ritualistic temple art form In India and
one of the most spectacular in terms of artistry and symbolism.
Theyyam literally means a form or shape, usually the representation
of a divine or heroic character from mythology. Performed
in houses, tharawads and shrines during October - May. BRDC-
Information Centre at the Bekal Fort provides an annual Theyyam
calendar. For Theyyam performance and research contact, Folk
Land, International Centre for Folklore and Culture, Elambachhi
PO, Tnkkaripur, Kasaragod.
Yakshagana: This classical art form of Karnataka is very common
In Kasaragod. Two variations are RayalaUu and Bommayrzttu,
Kannada Parthy Subba, the father of Yakshagana belongs to
Kumbia in Kasaragod. Professional agency - Kottoor Karthikeya
Kalakendra, Kottoor PO, Mullyar.
Poorakkali: Poorakkali is a unique performing art of Northern
Kerala. Poorakkali integrates rituals associated with the
worship of the God of love, devotional songs, dances dedicated
to several deities and an academic contest between heads of
Poorakkali troops known as PauLckei\i, on issues ranging from
logic and grammar to philosophy.
Places to visit :
The Fort: Spread over nearly five acres, the Kasaragod fort
is believed to have been built by Sivappa Nayak in the middle
of the 17th Century.
Bakal: The beautiful Bakal Beach with Bakal Fort in the background,
is of great historical and archaeological interest. Once held
by Tipu Sultan the fort was later incorporated into the domain
of the English East India Company.
The fine beach and natural scenery around the fort is exchanging.
Bakal is also a wonderful health resort. An old mosque nearby
is believed to have been built by Tipu Sultan.
Chandragiri: Chandragiri is also a famous for its large square
fort on the left bank of the Chandragiri river. A mosque and
ancient temple are also located nearby.
Kanhangad: The Hosdurg Fort here, with its round bastions
is a major attraction for tourists. Several public offices
and the Karpooreswara Temple are located in fort area.
Manjeshwara: The memorial of Govinda Pai, the grand patriarch
of Kannada literature is situated here. Manjeshwara also has
its share of temples and mosques.
Thommankuthu The place, Thommankuthu, famous for its numerous
waterfalls, is situated at a distance of 21 kms from Thodupuzha.
As this place is suitable for trekking, adventurous youth
are attracted to this place. Meenuliyarmudi (at vannapuram
panchayathu), Keezharkuthu (Uumpannoor) and Irukallumud (Velliyammattom)
are other famous small tourist centres near Thommankuthu.
Ananthapura lake temple 30 kms from Bekel
Valiyaparamba 30 km from Bekel
The Pallikere Beach: (1 km from Bekal Fort): This enchanting
beach offers a spectacular view of the fort and has ample
facilities for recreation and relaxation.
The Kappil Beach: (6 km from Beakal Fort): Remote and secluded,
this beach is fast becoming a major tourist attraction. The
Kodi cliff nearby offers a panoramic view of the Arabian sea.
Kanwatheertha Beach: (3 km from Manjeswaram): A large swimming
pool like formation of the sea on the vast beach is the main
Valiyaparamba (Backwater) (30 km from Bekal): This is perhaps
the most scenic backwater stretch in Kerala. Fed by four rivers
and dotted with numerous little islands, Valiyaparamba is
fast turning into a much favored backwater resort that offers
enchanting boat cruises.
Chandragiri Cruises (Backwater) Boat trips to nearby islands
and palm groves. Boarding point: Chandragiri bridge. Situated
on the Chandragiri River, south east of Kasaragod town, this
town is known for its large 17th century fort built by Sivappa
Naik of Bedanore. The Chandragiri fort, one of a chain of
forts built by the same ruler, offers a breathtaking view
of the river and the Arabian Sea. It is a vintage point to
watch the sunset.